What is an SSL Certificate?
SSL Certificates are small data files that numerically bind a cryptographic key to an administration’s details. When installed on a web server, it activates the padlock and the https protocol (over port 443) and allows secure connections from a web server to a browser. Typically, SSL is used to protected debit and credit card and banking transactions, logins and data transfer, and more newly is becoming the norm when securing browsing of social media sites. SSL Certificates bind together-
A domain name, server name or hostname.
An organizational identity (i.e. company name) and location.
An institution needs to install the SSL Certificate onto its web server to initiate secure sessions with browsers. Depending on the type of SSL Certificate applied for, the administration will require to go through differing levels of vetting. Once installed, it is possible to connect to the website over https://www.domain.com, as this tells the server to establish a secure connection with the browser. Once a secure connection is proven, all web traffic between the web server and the web browser will be safe. Browsers tell visitors a website is SSL secure via numerous detectable trust indicators
Why is the Root Certificate important?
SSL Certificates require to be issued from a reliable and trusted Certificate Authority’s Root Certificate, and preferably by a 2048 bit Certificate that’s widely distributed. The Root Certificate must be present on the end user’s engine in order for the Certificate to be trusted. If it is not trusted the browser will current untrusted error messages to the end user. In the case of e-commerce, such error messages result in immediate lack of confidence in the website and organizations risk losing confidence and business from the majority of consumers.